A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking or diet, can be changed. Several factors can affect your risk of anal cancer. But having a risk factor, or even several risk factors, does not mean that you will get cancer. Many people with risk factors never develop anal cancer, while others with this disease may have few or no known risk factors.
Understanding The Relationship Between HPV and Anal Cancer
Risk Factors for Anal Cancer
Stephen E. For decades, anogenital human papillomavirus HPV research largely focused on viral infection in women, with men only discussed in regard to diagnosis and treatment of penile condyloma. It was not until the past decade that investigators began to look in earnest at the natural history of HPV infection in men. Again, most research focused on genital infections, but increasing rates of anal cancer in men who have sex with men and in immunocompromised individuals shed some light on anal HPV infection in these at-risk populations. Still, studies of anal infection in men who have sex with women MSW languished, with many researchers dismissing it as a clinically irrelevant or even potentially dangerous area of investigation, fearing iatrogenically induced viral inoculation during sampling from surrounding perianal skin.
How HPV Infection Is Linked to Anal Cancer
Anal cancer and precancer have several causes and risk factors. According to the World Health Organization, a risk factor may be 'any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury'. I had an abnormal pap over 20 years before, had a cryosurgery.
The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Print Version pdf icon. There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers. But there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening.